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In most incidences, the West Virginia University Press follows Chicago style. The items below are editorial decisions we have made that may not line up with Chicago’s recommendation.

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  • Spell out whole numbers one through one hundred and all round numbers (i.e., thirty, four hundred, two thousand), except in technical or impractical context (i.e., 60 miles per gallon, 15 million people)
  • Spell out ordinal numbers (i.e., fortieth), unless this conflicts with accepted usage (i.e., 100th Congress)
  • For dates, we prefer the month-day-year style (i.e., November 13, 1987)
  • AD, BC, CE, and BCE should be in small caps and have no periods. Remember AD precedes a date, but follows a century; all others follow both (i.e., AD 340, fourth century AD, 290 BC)
  • For time, use “a.m.” and “p.m.” (lowercase, with periods)


  • Use the serial comma/Oxford comma
  • Use curly quotation marks (not straight)
  • There should only be a single space after a period
  • We follow the three-or-four dot ellipses method (see Chicago 13.48). There should be a space before and after each dot (i.e., The dress . . . was blue)
  • Leave a space between a person’s initials (i.e., H. G. Wells), but not in abbreviations or acronyms (i.e., U.S., NATO)
  • For personal names ending in s, add an apostrophe and an s to make it possessive (i.e., Jones’s, Jess’s); for place names ending in s, add just the apostrophe (i.e., United States’, Illinois’)
  • Letters as letters (i.e., the letter a) and words as words (i.e., the spelling of castle) are italicized
  • Extracts (block quotes) should be flush left, with a blank line before and after


  • Capitalize “Internet” and “World Wide Web”
  • “website” is one word, lowercased
  • “online” should be a single, lowercase word
  • “e-mail” should be lowercase and hyphenated. The same goes for “e-book” and similar terms
  • Verbs: log in, log on, log out, log off
  • Adj: log-in, log-on, log-out, log-off
  • Noun: login, logout

Note: While these rules, along with Chicago style, are almost always followed, certain topics and author preferences may be taken into consideration.